Republic;Sydney;980807;Photo;Robert Pearce;SMH NEWS;story;Tony Stephens.The Republican movement celebrated it’s seveth birthday with a cake in it’s Park St offices.Pic Shows;Malcolm Turnbull blows out the candles, watched by [left] Wendy Machin and Neville Wran.It’s our Prime Minister’s birthday today. In a spirit of charity, we should wish him many happy returns. We must acknowledge, though, that, at the moment, he’s not in a sweet spot politically. He never will be.
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To thrive in the job, a prime minister must be a canny politician. Yet Malcolm Turnbull, even though he has held the office for more than two years, has only ever exhibited a limited mastery of the art and craft of politics.

Evidence of Turnbull’s fitful strike rate as a political performer can be drawn from past decades as well as more recent events.

Back in 1999, a masterful John Howard easily outfoxed Turnbull’s badly organised republican campaign. In an eerie near-reprise 18 years on, the poorly plotted same-sex marriage postal survey looks like being carried partly because Turnbull is running dead on the issue.

The tricky politics of energy policy undid Turnbull’s first stint as Liberal leader in 2009 and this issue is equally problematic for him eight years on. Highlighting the need for reliable energy was meant to embarrass Bill Shorten but has instead further emboldened Tony Abbott.

Abbott has every right to be cranky with Turnbull. Knifing Abbott in 2015 has led to endless complications. Abbott won a thumping victory in 2013. Three years later, it was Turnbull who called on an interminable double-dissolution election that ended in near defeat for the Coalition and produced an even more interesting Senate.

Turnbull twice tripped himself up when, in the early 1980s, he first sought to become a member of parliament – any parliament, in fact.

In 1981, a vacancy in the federal seat of Wentworth triggered a by-election. The Liberals needed to preselect a candidate. Turnbull ran, buoyed by his connection with media mogul Kerry Packer, for whom Turnbull had worked as a journalist.

Quite a few of the preselectors, though, were offended by Turnbull’s association with Packer, who was then seen as a friend of NSW Labor premier Neville Wran. Turnbull did not have the agility to brush the animus aside. He lost the preselection ballot.

In 1983, Turnbull settled for a tilt at being preselected for the safe Liberal seat of Mosman in the NSW state parliament. He ran his usual, unfocused campaign. His biographer, Paddy Manning, quotes Liberal Party notable Nick Greiner’s comment that Turnbull was “arguably petulant” when dealing with individual party members in Mosman. He lost again.

Turnbull was no good at retail politics but had many splendid qualities nonetheless. There was self-belief and a work ethic. He had married well. He was, to use words applied to him by Paul Keating, utterly fearless and brilliant.

Blessed with these attributes, Turnbull enjoyed worldly success after he switched from party politics in 1983 to focus on law and investment banking. He made heaps of money. He became richer than any one sitting in Federal Parliament.

Federal parliamentarians usually need to retire from electoral politics if they wish to truly beef up their material assets through consultancy or lobbying. With Turnbull, the exact opposite happened. He enriched himself before rather than after parliamentary life.

In the late 1990s, Turnbull began to use his own money in a bid to do good and buy affection along the way. Hence his involvement in the republic push.

In 2000, Turnbull again lacked the numbers when the Liberals held another preselection vote in Wentworth.

Three years later, though, he won a bitter preselection contest in the same seat. He now had the resources to barnstorm his way to victory. In retaliation, many local Liberals voted for his ousted predecessor, Peter King, who ran as an independent.

Turnbull invested more than $600,000 of his own money to become member for Wentworth with a reduced Liberal majority. This was a foretaste of the 2016 federal election campaign, which saw the Prime Minister reportedly donate more than $1.75 million as he sought re-election.

So we have a pattern whereby much money is spent to produce mediocre results. Something is wrong here.

Success outside politics propelled Malcolm Turnbull into The Lodge even though he lacks basic qualities needed to sustain success as a prime minister. He is very rich precisely because he is no good at politics. There is, as a result, a fearful asymmetry at the heart of n government.

On this day of all days, we wish Turnbull a happy and speedy retirement from politics, as well as a very happy birthday.

Stephen Holt is a Canberra writer. [email protected]

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A crackdown on polluting industries in northern China for an unprecedented five months over winter is not a one-off and could hit n iron ore and coal exports.
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The winter pollution shutdown, which began in September and will run until March, is set to continue, China’s environment minister says.

n iron ore and coal exports have been hit by a slowdown in Chinese demand since the crackdown on pollution. Steel mills and cement makers in some provinces have had to cut production by 50 per cent, and the sale and use of coal is banned in other cities.

In previous years, the winter shutdown has only lasted a few weeks.”This is not a one-off, it will continue in the future,” said environment minister Li Ganjie of the new measures.

Chinese cities have a deadline of the end of the year to meet clean air goals set five years ago. Some financial analysts had regarded the government-enforced shutdown as a seasonal impact as the government tries to head off air pollution which worsens in winter.

But Mr Li said: “These special campaigns are not a one-off, instead it is an exploration of long-term mechanisms. They have proven effective so we will continue with these measures.

Chinese President Xi Jinping has called for China to become an “ecological civilisation” and pursue green growth in his report to a twice a decade meeting of the Chinese communist party.

Mr Li said the progress made in addressing air pollution was not enough and China’s energy mix was “still dominated by coal” and the proportion of heavy industry too high.

Speaking to media at a press conference during the party’s 19th national congress, Mr Li said the environmental campaign may have a short term impact on economic growth “but in the long run, the big picture, the impact is minimal”.

He said his ministry was closely tracking economic data in cities where it sent in environmental inspectors, who are closing hundreds of factories, and it showed environmental protection has had no impact on unemployment levels.

“In my view there is a positive correlation between environmental and economic performance,” he said. He also rejected complaints the government was taking a “one-size fits-all approach” with pollution restrictions, and said they were being tailored to different cities.

Companies that were able to correct their mistakes would be put on probation before being shut down for environmental breaches, he said.

Mr Li didn’t specify which of the suite of measures being imposed on northern cities over winter would continue long term.

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MURDERER: Left; Daniel Petryk, 25, of Windale, was on Monday found guilty of murder over the shooting of Robert Parry at Wickham in March, 2015. Right; police investigate the home invasion shooting in Dickson Street. DANIEL Petryk’s problems started with a poker machine.
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The day before he snuck into the home of small-time cannabis dealer Robert Parry armed with a .22 shortened single-shot firearm,Petryk sat down in the pokie room of the Lambton Park Hoteland began to play.

He didn’t know it, but the decision to have a flutter on that Friday in March, 2015, would set in train a series of events that would lead to Mr Parry’s violent death in the botched home invasion“drug rip” and Petryk facing the prospect of life in jail.

After an often dramaticfive-week trial in Newcastle Supreme Court–during which Petryk’s co-accusedJesse Nikolovski was acquitted of murder and Petryk was forced to change his legal counsel after trying to change his story–the jury took a little over nine hours to find Petryk guilty of murder and armed robbery on Monday.

With no physical evidence tying Petryk to the scene, the prosecution case rested on the shoulders of one witness; a woman who said she was with Petryk and Nikolovski, 24, of Mayfield, during the home invasion.

The witness, who cannot be identified, told the jury she was armed with an axe when she snuck into the home behind Petryk and watched as he pulled the trigger and Mr Parry, a well-known Wickham identity who was deaf in one ear and left his front door unlocked,fell to the ground.

Petryk had maintained he wasn’t there that night.

But the trial heard that the day before the home invasion,hewas having a punt on the poker machines.

TRIAL: Main; Robert Parry (right) with his late father, Alan Parry. Left; Jesse Nikolovski was acquitted of murder, but pleaded guilty to armed robbery over the home invasion at Wickham. Right; Robert Parry’s sisters, Susie and Lynda Parry, after Daniel Petryk was found guilty of murder on Monday.

CCTVfootage played during the trial revealed that Petryk’s gamble at midday on March 6, 2015,was unsuccessful.

And frustrated at losing his cash, he decided to urinateinto a schooner glass and pourthe contents into a couple of the machines.

The licensee confronted him, watched the footage and called the police.

Petryk, on parole and thenundertaking the Drug Court program, knew any offence could land him back in jail.

“I’m f—ed,” Petryk texted a mate at 4.03pm that day.“I’m getting charged so I’ve gotta take off to Queensland.”But first,Petryk would need a firearm.

Petryk, then 23 and living at Windale, had been after a gun for a while and had been hassling this mate to provide one.

And on this night, only hours after the incident with the poker machine, the mate relented, agreeing to leave a.22 shortenedsingle-shot firearm and some ammunition in a bag outside his home.

Petryk swung by to collect it after midnight on March 7.

With him was Nikolovski, then 21, ofMayfield, and a young woman, who would later become the key witness in the murder trial against the two men.

Petryk had a plan to make a quick score before he fled north to avoid his problems.

“He said that he knew a house that his brother used to buy pot from,” the woman told the jury.“That the door would be open and that we would just sneak in and grab the pot.”

Petryk directed Nikolovski, driving a white Holden Commodore, to Wickham, where he parked a block away from Mr Parry’s Dickson Street home.

The trio got out, put on gloves and covered their faces. Petryk grabbed an axe and tried to hand it to Nikolovski, but he wouldn’t take it.

Instead, the woman was armed with the axe, while Petryk had the gun, the woman told the jury.

When asked by Crown prosecutor Lee Carr what the plan was, the woman replied: “Daniel was going to sneak in and if there was no one around he was just going to grab the pot and if there was someone around we were there to just look scary so he could take it”.

She said she was “a metre or two” behind Petryk in the loungeroom of Mr Parry’s home when she saw a man.

“He was holding a can in his hand,” the woman said.

“He went to whack Daniel. “I think I recall him telling us to f— off out of his house.

“Daniel let the gun off.

“[The man] dropped to the ground.”

Petryk’s defence disputed her account and always maintained he wasn’t there that night.

But ultimatelythe woman’s evidence sunk him and wholly exonerated Nikolovski on the murder charge, with the woman telling the court Nikolovski didn’t know the firearm Petryk was carrying was loaded.

That evidence led to Justice Helen Wilson giving the jury a directed verdict of not guilty in relation to the murder charge against Nikolovski.

Then, two days later, in the jury’s absence, Nikolovski pleaded guilty to the armed robbery of Mr Parry and disappeared from the court dock.

After the directed verdict, Petryk spoke with his counsel,Public Defender Mark Austin and his instructing solicitor Mandy Hull, with that discussion leading Mr Austin and Ms Hull to withdraw from the matter.

Mr Austin was too polished a practitioner to air the dirty laundry in court, but Justice Wilson made it clear later that the parting of ways related to Petryk wishing to “change his version of events”.

A week of wasted court time later, and with new legal counsel, the pressure was on Petryk to decide whether he was going to run a defence case or not.

After Petryk claimed he was too sick to follow the evidence on Tuesday last week, Justice Wilson dismissed the jury for the day.

But after the final juror had filed fromthe courtroom, Her Honour made it clear to Petryk how she felt about his delaying tactics.

“I want to make it very clear, that this court’s patience is now at an end,” Justice Wilson said.

“This comes about, it seems to me, from everything that has been said, by him having a change of mind as to what his version of events might be and how he wants that version of events portrayedto the court.

“I do not propose to allow this court to be manipulated or held to hostage by an accused who cannot make up his own mind.”

Petryk returned to court on Wednesday and his new counsel, Public Defender Angus Webb, told Justice Wilson there would be no defence case.

Then, once closing arguments were out of the way, the jury retired at 12.50pm on Thursday to begin deliberating.

They returned on Monday to deliver their verdict, finding beyond reasonable doubt that it was Petryk who pulled the trigger and killed Mr Parry.

The verdictwas a huge relief to Mr Parry’s family, includingtwo of his sisters Susie and Lynda Parry, who sat through much of the trial.

“Robert is dearly missed by us all,” Lynda Parry said in a statement on behalf of the family.

“We particularly miss his smiles and his ever-ready willingness to help us and others in the community.

“There is a hole in our hearts and lives which can never be filled.

“The loss and pain of losing Robert can not be measured.”Petryk will be sentenced on February 2and faces the prospect of life imprisonment.

Nikolovski will be sentenced for the armed robbery on the same date and faces the maximum of 25 years in jail.

But before he is sentenced for his involvement in robbingMr Parry, Nikolovski will appear in CampbelltownDistrict Court to be sentencedfor three armed robberies and a conspiracy to commit armed robbery.

One thing the jury in the murder trial wasn’t told was that in the months after the bungled home invasion at Mr Parry’s house, Nikolovski and a crew of armed thieves got to work holding up Sydney pubs.

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The spirit of surfing runs deep in Newy | PHOTOS Surf’s Up: Cars at Merewether Beach, ready to head to a contest at Catho in 1965.
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A surfer between Bar Beach and Dixon Park Beach in 2017.

A surfer between Bar Beach and Dixon Park Beach in 2017.

Nine Mile Beach Surfboard Club members in the 1960s.

Nine Mile Beach Surfboard Club members in the 1960s.

Surfest in 1990.

Mark Richards.

Mark Richards surfing at the Billabong Pro at Waimea Bay in December 1986.

Merewether surfer Ross Bailey off the rocks at Merewether in 1966. Photo by John Nute.

Surfers at Bar Beach in 1960.Picture: Surfin Newie 1956-2009.

Image from the Surfin Newey exhibition in 2010. Picture: STUART QUINN .

Image from the Surfin Newey exhibition in 2010. Picture: STUART QUINN

TweetFacebookNewy,Newie or Newks?As you can see, we used the word Newy in the headline.

The natives get restless over the perennial Newy-Newie debate.

The truth of the matter is, we were struggling to find a good headline and deadline was approaching like a freight train.

It’s also true that we used this word to deliberately annoy people. You may not realise it, but we’re helping you out. We’re helping you get a bit of that deep-seated anger out of your system. Giving you an outlet, as such. No need for thanks. It’s part of our service.

We noticed Newcastle lord mayor Nuatali Nelmes raised the old Newy-Newie chestnut recently.

“Following a recent council meeting, a bit of casual banter between councillor Carol Duncan and deputy lord mayor Declan Clausen about the correct spelling of an abbreviation of Newcastle as ‘Newy’ or ‘Newie’ led me to test it out on Facebook,”Nua said.

“The post certainly sparked a passionate debate with over 1800 comments responding to the question. For the record, I’m firmly in the ‘Newy’ camp!”

Nua also pointed out that Mikey Robins, a born and bred Novocastrian, used to refer to Newcastle as ‘Newks’ on Triple J.

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ON FIRE: Ben Simmons shoots over the top of Detroit Pistons forward Stanley Johnson during the 76ers’ 97-86 win on Tuesday. Picture: AP
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BEN Simmons went to the same US college as Shaquille O’Neal and now the Newcastle-raised guard shares an NBA record with the Basketball Hall Of Famer.

Simmons on Tuesday became the first player since O’Neal (11) to open his NBA career with four straight double-doubles.

Triple-double ✔️Victory ✔️Ben Simmons propels the @sixers to win in Detroit! #NBARookspic.twitter苏州夜总会招聘/dgiFbj2TFy

— NBA (@NBA) October 24, 2017Ben Simmons hype after going coast to coast against Avery Bradley and finishing over Drummond #nbapic.twitter苏州夜总会招聘/0W9VcEx4m5

— All Ball (@allballapp) October 24, 2017Ben Simmons is the first player since Shaquille O’Neal to record a double-double in each of his first 4 career games. pic.twitter苏州夜总会招聘/E6nRxE9CTY

— ESPN Stats & Info (@ESPNStatsInfo) October 24, 2017Ben Simmons! 🔥pic.twitter苏州夜总会招聘/ivrHQpCqYI

— MyNBAUpdate (@MyNBAUpdate) October 24, 2017

With the world watching in anticipation, Simmons scored18 points and secured10 rebounds on debut in a 120-115 loss to the Washington Wizards less than a week ago.

He hasn’t stopped. The silky-skilled big man dropped 11 points to go with 11 boards in a 102-92 loss to Boston and added 18 points and 10 rebounds in a 128-94 defeat to Toronto.

The 76ers play the Houston Rockets in Texas on Friday.


Ben Simmons has led the Philadelphia 76ers to their first regular season win with a history-making triple-double that places him alongside basketball greats Oscar Robertson and Charles Barkley in the NBA history books.

The 21-year-old from Melbourne, in just his fourth NBA game, was superb with 21 points, 12 rebounds and 10 assists in the 97-86 win against the Detroit Pistons.

The n shrugged off the personal accolades and focused on his team’s maiden win.

“It feels great that we won,” Simmons said.

“Our team played well together and we played the right way.

“I’m just happy we got our first one.”

The 76ers, despite high expectations, opened the NBA regular season with losses in their first three games.

Simmons and centre Joel Embiid, with 30 points and nine rebounds, were too strong for a Pistons squad that falls to a two-win, two-loss season record.

Just two other players, Robertson and Art “Hambone” Williams, have achieved triple-doubles in their first four games.

Simmons also became the first player to achieve the feat in Detroit’s new Little Caesars Arena and became the first 76ers rookie since Michael Carter-Williams to post a triple-double.

He also became the first 76ers player since Barkley in 1987 to shoot more than 70 per cent from the field in a triple-double with eight of his 11 shots successful.

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Coal and Allied has avoided prosecution over a 2014 incident at a Hunter Valley mine that left a man severely injured.
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The NSW Department of Planning announced on Tuesday that it had agreed to an“enforceable undertaking” with the mine operator, which would cost the company $677,000, in response to an alleged breachof the Workplace Health and Safety Act.

The legally-binding agreement, proposed by Coal and Allied, comes after a worker at the Mt Thorley Warkworth mine fell from a ladder while cleaning the window of a grader on October 4.

The department’s official decision to accept Coal and Allied’s alternative to prosecution, which was published on Tuesday, said the man fell from a height of 1.5 metres after an opening door caused the ladder to move –which left the man with “very serious injuries”.

The department’s regulator began prosecution against Coal and Allied’s parent company Rio Tinto, alleging a workplace health and safety breach that carried a maximum penalty of $1.5 million.

But instead, Coal and Allied will undertake a range of actions –on top of the estimated $500,000 the company has already spent addressing the alleged breach.

“This case serves as a timely reminder to mining operators of their obligations under theWork Health and Safety Act,” NSW Resources Regulator chief compliance officer AnthonyKeon said.

“The undertaking by Coal and Allied is considered significant, and rightfully so, and has thereal potential to create considerable, and broad, industry reach by focusing on the nextgeneration of workers in the mining and other high-risk industries.”

A key project that’s part of the enforceable action is aneducational program aimed at school leavers, involving a short film and a smart phone application.

It will be trialled at two Hunter schools.

In a statement on Tuesday, the department said it believed the action “provided for significantly better outcomes than prosecution alone would achieve”.

Rio Tinto sold Coal and Allied to Yancoal earlier this year.

A Yancoal spokesman said the project was a chance to influence the thinking and behaviour of young people, with regard to safety, before they enter the workplace.

“The enforceable undertaking has been developed in the best interests of instituting an education program to help prevent injuries among young people when they enter the workforce,” he said.

“The more safety information and experiences we can provide prior to entering into a heavy industry such as mining, the more vigilant they can be.

“Ultimately any education program must be supported by a workplace culture committed to zero harm.”

TheConstruction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union hasbeen contacted for comment.

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MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA – OCTOBER 04: A general view of Sydney Road in Brunswick on October 4, 2016 in Melbourne, . (Photo by Vince Caligiuri/Fairfax Media) Generic tram, trams, traffic, bike lane, city skyline, congestionAutomatic dispensing machines would replace pharmacies, low-value healthcare procedures would be defunded, people with real-world skills would be made teachers, and drivers would be charged for the use of roads under a series of audacious proposals the Productivity Commission believes could add $80 billion per year to economic growth – an amount it says would grow over time.
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The five-year program, requested by the Treasurer Scott Morrison, is designed to jump-start innate, or so-called “multifactor” productivity, which the commission believes has barely grown since 2004.

The productivity boost brought about by economic reforms in the 1990s produced almost all of the decade’s spectacular lift in living standards. Since 2004 innate productivity growth has produced almost none, with most of the productivity growth that has been achieved the result of investment spending and most of the income growth the result of the mining boom.

Productivity Commission chairman Peter Harris said the slowdown in ‘s capacity to “do more with the same” was puzzling because scientific and technological knowledge had seemingly advanced. In 2003 there was no “cloud”, no “internet of things” or smartphones and music and software were provided in physical forms.

Without action to remove the last big obstacles to productivity, might consign itself to half a century of low income growth.

The obstacles were predominantly in the public sector, in the way it provided health and education and managed cities. It was as ripe for reform now as manufacturing was in the 1980s.

Twenty seven per cent of adults were obese, holding back their ability to contribute to the labour force, although ns life expectancy was the third-highest in the developed world, the 11 years spent in ill-health was the third worst in the OECD.

Medical best-practice was often ignored. Seventy five per cent of bronchitis was treated with antibiotics, when the correct rate was close to zero, 71,087 knee arthroscopies were performed per year in most cases without evidence of benefits, 27,500 hysterectomies were performed without a diagnosis of cancer. Often it was because doctors didn’t know how to say “no” to patients, and because patients didn’t know what best practice was.

The commission recommends defunding low value procedures and creating scorecards for the performance of providers to enable patients to compare outcomes.

Medicines would be dispensed by ATM-style machines or by staff without pharmacist qualifications. “This new model would not, under any realistic assumptions require anywhere near the current 20,000 pharmacists who provide clinical services, and so would require a transition to a much smaller employment base,” the commission says. Universities would be informed of the need for fewer pharmacists, some of whom could transition to other forms of medical work assisting doctors. The new dispensaries would not be bound by the location rules that prevent pharmacies from competition.

The Pharmacy Guild – one of the country’s most powerful lobby groups – instantly rejected the recommendation as “radical and unworkable”, saying it would “dumb down” an entire profession.

The commission wants universities to provide honest assessments of the employability of their graduates before enrolment and to be subject to competition law where they could be made to provide refunds or replacement courses.

“If you buy a kettle and it doesn’t perform, you’ve got the right to return it and get a new kettle,” Mr Harris said launching the report. “If your education doesn’t perform as promised, the same law should apply.”

Mr Harris said one-in-five university graduates were underemployed, up from one-in-10 a decade ago. His report discusses, but does not recommend, stopping fees imposed for university teaching being used to fund university research.

The report imposes a five-year timeframe for lifting teaching standards, noting that the performance of 15-year-olds in maths has slipped to the level of 14-year-olds in the year 2000. It says 30 per cent of year 7 to 10 information technology teachers have neither studied the subject at second???year tertiary level nor been trained in how to teach it at tertiary level.

“Fifteen-year-olds are being taught by people who may not necessarily know the subject and can’t answer questions because it’s not their field,” Mr Harris said.

One solution was to “take people who aren’t necessarily trained teachers and train them up”. Another was to train teachers in specialist fields such as maths and IT.

Other recommendations include phasing out stamp duties in favour of land tax and trialing pay-peer-drive charges for roads as an alternative to petrol excise.

“None of these ideas are new, we didn’t make them up,” Mr Harris said. “But when people tell you they are already being implemented, don’t believe them. That’s what we are trying to achieve.”

Mr Morrison said he would work with the states on the ideas, beginning with the treasurers’ conference on Friday.

– with Adam Gartrell

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West Indies’ Cricket player Dwayne Smith arrives at the NSW Supreme Court in Sydney on October 24, 2017. Smith is a witness on the Chris Gayle vs. Fairfax trial. (Photo by Daniel Munoz/Fairfax Media)
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West Indies’ Cricket player Chris Gayle (right) arrives at the NSW Supreme Court in Sydney on October 24, 2017. (Photo by Daniel Munoz/Fairfax Media)

West Indies cricketer Chris Gayle’s teammate Dwayne Smith has admitted he texted the word “sexy” to a female massage therapist a day before she alleges Gayle exposed himself to her in a Sydney dressing room while Smith was present.

But Smith told the NSW Supreme Court on Tuesday Gayle had not exposed himself to the woman and “that’s something you would remember” if it did happen.

Gayle is suing Fairfax Media for defamation over a series of articles published in The Sydney Morning Herald, The Age and The Canberra Times between January 6 and January 9 last year which alleged he exposed himself to a team massage therapist during the 2015 Cricket World Cup.

Gayle, 38, gave evidence on Monday that the incident did not happen and the “heartbreaking” allegations were “the most hurtful thing I’ve actually come across in my entire life”.

Fairfax Media is defending the stories on two bases, including that the allegations are true.

The woman at the centre of the stories, massage therapist Leanne Russell, is expected to give evidence on Wednesday.

Gayle’s teammate Smith was present in the dressing room in Drummoyne in Sydney’s inner west at the time of the alleged incident on February 11, 2015.

During a brief stint in the witness box on Tuesday, Smith said repeatedly the alleged incident “did not happen”.

The court has heard the West Indies team received an email from team operations manager Sir Richie Richardson on February 12, 2015, saying Ms Russell had “encountered a few uncomfortable situations with members of the team” and reminding them to treat her with respect.

Smith denied reading or receiving the email and Gayle gave evidence on Monday he did not believe it referred to him.

Fairfax’s barrister, Matthew Collins, QC, asked Smith if he texted the word “sexy” to Ms Russell on February 10, a day before the alleged incident.

“I don’t recall,” Smith replied.

After he was shown a copy of the message, he accepted that he sent it to Ms Russell.

When it was put to him that he sent the text to Ms Russell while she was massaging him at the InterContinental Hotel in Sydney that afternoon, Smith said it could have been “a minute before”.

Asked if he had given “false evidence” about the alleged incident involving Gayle because he was “seeking to protect” his teammate, Smith replied: “What I said is true.”

“You yourself put Ms Russell in an uncomfortable position the day before on the 10th of February,” Dr Collins said.

“No I did not,” Smith replied.

Dr Collins told the four-person jury that Ms Russell would give evidence she was “devastated” to have been treated in such a “demeaning and disrespectful manner” by Gayle and “burst into tears” after leaving the dressing room.

Chloe Saltau, sports editor at The Age, gave evidence on Tuesday that Ms Russell contacted her on Facebook on January 5, 2016.

She said they did not socialise with one another but Ms Russell “was a work colleague of my husband”.

Ms Saltau said Ms Russell had told her she contacted her to “show support for [sports reporter] Mel McLaughlin and other women in sport” following Gayle’s famous “don’t blush baby” interview with Ms McLaughlin in January 2016.

Ms Saltau agreed to keep Ms Russell’s identity secret in the report. She told the court she believed it was “reasonable” to do so in the circumstances.

Bruce McClintock, SC, asked Ms Saltau if it crossed her mind Ms Russell might have been “a fabulist inclined to invent things”.

“I didn’t think that about her at all, no,” Ms Saltau said.

The court heard Ms Russell had told Ms Saltau there was another player in the room at the time of the alleged incident but did not reveal his identity.

“The fact is I didn’t know who he was so I couldn’t take steps to contact him,” Ms Saltau said.

“I believed that there were other ways of verifying the story, which is why we went to Richie Richardson and asked him for comment.”

Mr McClintock put it to Ms Saltau that the report was “disgracefully bad journalism, wasn’t it”.

“No, I disagree with that. It was a legitimate story,” Ms Saltau replied.

She denied “cutting corners” or being “frantic” to get the story out in the wake of the Mel McLaughlin interview.

The Herald’s chief sports reporter, Chris Barrett, gave evidence on Tuesday he approached Sir Richie Richardson about the story.

“Richie said he didn’t want to comment on that or …the [Mel McLaughlin] incident in Hobart,” Mr Barrett said.

“He was surprised, I suppose … He appeared alarmed that I had that information.”

The trial continues.

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Lyle Shelton managing director of the n Christian Lobby examines the scene where a van with gas bottle exploded outside their office in Canberra on Thursday 22 December 2016. Photo: Andrew Meares An “uncomfortable” Andrew Colvin, ‘s top cop, has rejected claims by the n Christian Lobby that a mentally ill man’s suicide attempt outside its headquarters was “obviously” motivated by ideology.
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The n Federal Police commissioner faced questions over the case of Jaden Duong, a 36-year-old man who tried to kill himself by driving a van full of gas cylinders into the ACL’s Canberra building last year.

Mr Duong, who reportedly engaged in gay activism in the US, had a history of mental illness and suicidal ideation, and succeeded in taking his own life last month.

He was facing charges of arson and property damage, but police did not allege his actions were ideologically or religiously motivated – a position which shocked ACL director Lyle Shelton, who has publicly criticised the AFP’s investigation.

In particular, he drew attention to Mr Duong’s statement following his suicide attempt that he disliked the ACL because “religions are failed”.

Mr Shelton’s case was taken up at a testy Senate estimates inquiry on Tuesday by Liberal senators Ian Macdonald and Eric Abetz, who suggested there was a “disconnect” between Mr Duong’s statement and what the AFP ultimately concluded.

Senator Abetz took aim at the “bizarre” and “very quick” judgment reached by police, and at one point implied the AFP may have released a statement before interviewing Mr Duong.

“I’m not sure what you’re inferring,” Mr Colvin replied. He also strongly rejected the assertions made by the ACL.

“I don’t share their view of all of the facts, and in their defense, they’re not aware of the entirety of the investigation or all the details,” he said.

“I understand the Christian Lobby’s concerns, but I reject their statements that he was motivated by religion. Yes, he said certain things, but they needed to be taken in the context of everything he had done before, and everything else that our investigation had unconvered.”

The ACT’s chief police officer, assistant commissioner Justine Saunders, backed that account, while noting the matter was before a coronial inquiry and urging the Senate to respect the privacy of the deceased man’s family.

She told the inquiry it was not Mr Duong’s first suicide attempt, and that he had first driven to other locations but settled on the ACL car park partly because it was devoid of other people.

“He did indicate that he did dislike the ACL, but that was not was not his motivation for taking he action that he did,” Ms Saunders said.

“Establishing the fact that a person may have certain views is not the same as establishing that any given actions they undertake are necessarily motivated by those same views.”

To the shock of other senators, Senator Abetz requested the AFP provide statistics about how many ns attempted suicide by explosion – evidence Mr Colvin said he could not provide.

The AFP chief also declared himself “uncomfortable that we are talking in such detail about what is a matter before the coroner”. He recognised his obligation to be accountable to the Senate committee, “but I think we need to keep in context the totality of the investigation”.

Senator Macdonald, the committee chair, later complained some MPs had talked about suicide “ad infinitum” during the same-sex marriage debate, and asked Mr Colvin “whether that was encouraging people to do it”. Mr Colvin said he was not an expert in that area.

Labor senator Louise Pratt, the committee’s deputy chair and a member of the Parliament’s LGBTI group, said it was “quite disturbing” that Liberal senators were “seeking to make political capital out of the tragic death of a deeply unwell man”.

“It says a lot about their priorities that they believe this is the best use of Senate estimates – to be asking politically-motivated questions on behalf of the ACL,” she said.

If you are troubled by this report or experiencing a personal crisis, you can call Lifeline 131 114 or beyondblue 1300 224 636 or visit lifeline苏州模特佳丽招聘.au or beyondblue苏州模特佳丽招聘.au

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Newcastle Morning Herald transcriptions and Hunter Valley enlistment and death details for October 29 – November 4, 1917.
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LETTERSWriting to Mr J. O’Connor, of Newcastle, from “somewhere in Belgium”, Sapper J. Hughes, of Newcastle, says: “As you know, this quarter has been pretty lively now for a month or more. We had another stunt here yesterday, of considerable violence. It lasted for the best part of 18 hours – the barrage fire. Old Fritz launched some of his new gas at us during the early hours. He can come with all his bombs and shells, only God forbid this gas. I’m now attached to the armoured broad gauge petrol locos, with a siege battery of the R.G.A. I would ten times sooner be here than at the base. There are only four of us here. We never see any of our company. If the guns quieten down, you wonder what has happened. This country is waterlogged. The water anywhere is only within two feet of the surface. I know nothing to beat the mud here. There is very little difference between this here and the swamp where we used to tip the slag at the steel works. All the same, this place is not without its humour. One laughs and jokes more here than ever. You can hardly believe your eyes when you see the front, which stretches for three miles wide. There is not a blade of grass to be seen. Everything is shot away. Villages are no more than a few broken bricks and tiles. The aerial fights are a great sight to watch, or trying to get one another’s balloons.”

IN FRANCEPrivate H. H. Johnson, son of Mr. W. Johnson, of New Lambton, writing to his brother Thomas, who is a resident of Aberdare, relates some of his experiences in France. He says: “I started out from Balestone camp (England) on 23rd September, 1916, and embarked next day and crossed the English Channel, which took us one hour and three-quarters. We landed at ___, where I had my first sight of sunny France. We were then marched to a rest camp for the night, but were despatched early next morning by train for the base at E. We were trained there for a couple of days, and were sent up to the battalion we were allotted to at 2 o’clock in the morning. We were given 120 rounds of ammunition. We entrained for a place in the line. After travelling all night we reached the battalion we were to fight with. They were enjoying a much-needed rest. Next night I received my baptism of fire. I was sent up into the first line with a working party, and I regret to say my division suffered heavily; but it was some scrap, as the Huns know only too well. We then went to the Somme. We stopped at __ for one night, and then marched 14 miles, which took us within 12 miles of the firing line. We camped, and experienced a hard frost, and we were roughing it too. We were called at 4am, and were in a hot corner, where I received the hottest and roughest time of my life. From October, 1916, to January, 1917, I was right in the thick of it. How any of us came through it is a mystery. Even the Tommies wanted to know how we stood it. We were complimented on all sides for the manner we carried out our part of the scrap. I have only a hazy recollection of some of it. I know I was fighting all the time. My comrades were just as busy. We had the satisfaction of knowing we were victorious. The same night we sneaked over to where we had pushed Fritz, and dealt him some more ‘hurry up’, and retired safely to our own trench. The next night I lost my luck. I got a piece of tin. Fritz did not like the way we treated him, so he retaliated, and returned the compliment in the shape of a bombardment which consisted of 9.2 shells, and light stuff, shrapnel, and whizz-bangs. I was on post duty at the time. I heard one of the shells coming. I had my hand on a petrol tin at the time, which was lying near a box of ammunition. I ducked down, and a piece of shell struck the tin, and some splinters (tin and wood) entered my left hip, lifting me in the air, and dumping me in the trench. After being attended to, I was sent to the casualty clearing station, then on to the big French hospital. After two weeks I was sent up to the base again, enjoyed a month’s rest, and then joined my battalion, which was a mile out of Bapaume. A big advance was on, and I was just in time to take part in it. Fritz proved himself a good runner here, and we kept him going through Fremcourt, and up to Bullecourt, where he must have stumbled, for he put up quite a decent fight for a day or two, but was booted out altogether. He continued to resist, and the ns proved that they have got to be reckoned with when it comes to a struggle. Whilst we suffered heavily, we had our revenge when we counted the dead Germans lying about. Those are sights we don’t want to see often, but they asked for war, and they are getting it. While my luck sticks to me I want to be there to hand out my share. You get quite hardened.

BRUTAL: A sad reminder of the fate that awaited 46,000 n troops on the Western Front. Photo: The Digger’s View by Juan Mahony.

CAPTURE OF BEERSHEBAThe ns and New Zealanders, after 12 hours fighting, brilliantly captured two hills on the Hebron-road. When German machine-gunners held up the attack late in the afternoon the Anzacs fixed bayonets and charged, sending in wave after wave. They dismounted at the first trenches, and went on afoot, sweeping away resistance. Then they remounted and charged into the town of Beersheba.

Mr Massey, the official correspondent, telegraphs: n mounted men were the first to enter Beersheba. The enemy was in extremely strong positions, but nothing went wrong. The n Horse in the moonlight charged up with bayoneted rifles, overwhelming the Turks, and galloped cheering into the town.

Mr Massey, in a stirring despatch, describes General Allenby’s surprise blow, which smashed up the eastern end of the Turkish line, and wrested Beersheba from the enemy. He states that there was a stern fight all day long, in which the New Zealand and n mounted troops and the British infantry displayed great endurance and courage, doing everything as planned, so the staff scheme seemed to go like clockwork. The story of the day will add glory to the lads from English cities and shires, and the ns and New Zealanders. Splendid British infantry, after long night marches, attacked with such determination that they tore down wire entanglements with their hands. Then as the moon rose over Judea Hill the n Horse dashed in among the strongly-held trenches, and captured the town at dawn on October 31. The ns and New Zealanders were south of Beersheba, the British infantry facing the northern, western, and south-western defences which were cut in a range of hills hiding Beersheba from view. The Turkish entrenchments were elaborate, skilfully chosen, and heavily protected. Wire and guns covered all the approaches. Prisoners declared that they believed Beersheba impregnable. General Allenby’s astonishing success in concealing the march across the sun-parched desert is the outstanding reason for the success of the movement. It commenced with a cavalry scrap on October 27, when 3000 Turks with 12 guns attacked a British cavalry screen occupying high ground near the Jerusalem-Beersheba railway. The British squadron held out throughout the day. Though both flanks were enveloped, and another was surrounded on three sides. When the infantry arrived they were able to occupy the ground without fighting. The British infantry marched at night, and hid in the daytime in the Wadi beds. There was a beautiful moon on the night of the 30th. The ns and New Zealanders made a wide rapid sweep to the south-east, in order to rush in at dawn and get astride the Hebron road to prevent the Turkish retirement. The infantry attacked Hill 1070, and succeeded in an irresistible rush within half an hour, though a German machine-gun section occupied the hill.

The infantry pushed on to the Wadi Sava trenches. Bombers dashed in wherever our artillery had not proved effective, and broke down the wire from iron supports with their hands. It was grand work, the English countrymen showing inspiring courage. Though fighting for 12 hours, they captured one defence after another until all the Beersheba stronghold was captured by half-past nine. Many of the ns and New Zealanders rode 30 miles before getting into action. Their work was as meritorious as that of the Britishers. They first captured Sakaty, a high hill six miles north-east of Beersheba, dominating a wide district, with their usual elan. These big ns stopped at nothing. They rounded up every Turk on the Sakaty hill by one in the afternoon, and then captured the Hebron road. Even more difficult was the taking of Tel el Saba, a foothill three miles east of Beersheba, which had been converted into a redoubt of great strength, and as made almost unapproachable by the steep banks of the Wadi running alongside, but the New Zealanders and ns carried it by half-past three, and then turned their attention tohouses between the hill and the Hebron road, held by German machine-gunners.It was getting dark, and there was anxiety about water for the horses. The ns settled matters. They formed up against the eastern trenches, fixed bayonets, and charging line after line, went for the enemy. Before the last wave reached the trenches the German machine-gunners were silent. Dismounting at the first line of trenches, the Anzacs went on foot, overpowering the Turks. Then bringing forward their chargers, they galloped cheering into the town. There was evidence the Turks were completely surprised. A train wasin the station, and the warehouses were full of corn, almost intact.

ENLISTMENTSDaniel Horisha Burchfield, Newcastle; Edward William Dean, Morisset; George Campbell Greaves, Mayfield; William Lester Harragon, Hexham; John Joseph McMahon, Singleton; William Thomas Sampson, Hamilton.

DEATHSPte Edward James Devereux, Ash Island; Bdr Oscar Edwards, Millfield; Sgt William Thomas Flood, Stroud; Pte Harry Robert Keevers, Tighes Hill; Dvr Augustus Sydney Lennox, Newcastle; Dvr George Bernard Martin, Aberdeen; Spr Roy Richmond Mason, Cooks Hill; Spr John William McInnis, Largs; Gnr William Angus McLeod, Newcastle; Pte Frederick Gould Pullen, Stockrington; Shoeing Smith Frederick Charles Robinson, Gundy; Pte Herbert Angus Sullings, Hamilton.

David Dial OAM is a Hunter-based military historian. facebook苏州夜总会招聘/HunterValleyMilitaryHistoryRead More →

will give urban warfare and counter-terrorism training to the Philippines within days to help in the fight against Islamic State-pledged terror groups in the country, Defence Minister Marise Payne has announced.
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Up to 80 n soldiers will work on Philippines bases to provide the expert training they have learnt from many years fighting Islamist groups in Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan, Senator Payne announced in Manila alongside her Philippines counterpart Delfin Lorenzana on Tuesday morning. They will be regular Army rather than special forces soldiers.

“The [n Defence Force] will provide mobile training teams that will begin providing urban warfare, counter-terrorism training in the Philippines in the coming days,” Senator Payne said. “It is very practical training by the ADF, which will support the Philippines Defence Force to be able to counter what are very brutal tactics that are employed by terrorists.”

will also help provide more intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, increase information-sharing, and carry out more maritime patrols, Senator Payne said.

Remnants of an apartment block in Barangay Basak where the Marawi conflict began. Photo: Sitthixay Ditthavong

The Philippines announced in recent days that it had after five months of fighting finally cleared the southern city of Marawi of Islamic State-affiliated fighters. Despite the grinding victory by government forces, however, fears remain that the Islamic State may gain a foothold in the country’s south and use it as the base of a new so-called caliphate in the region.

Senator Payne’s announcement signals that sees a longer-term problem beyond just the recent siege of Marawi.

With the terrorist group losing territory in Iraq and Syria – culminating in its loss in recent days of its defacto capital of al-Raqqa in Syria – there are fears that fighters who have fled that battlefield will migrate to south-east Asia.

and the Philippines will also co-host a seminar involving military and civilian agencies about reconstruction after conflicts and as well as assist the Philippines combat Islamic State propaganda online.

The n Army will provide training to the Philippines Army and Marine Corps.

“It will include a range of skills related to combat in urban environments,” Senator Payne said. “It will involve information-sharing and experience-sharing to ensure that we are best able to use the skills that we have to hand.

“Through our significant involvement in the last couple of years in the counter-Daesh campaign in Iraq and Syria, has acquired skills and knowledge that we are able to share with the Philippines armed forces.”

She said the Royal n Navy would carry out more ship visits including a patrol boat visit in the next month.

Islamist militants have long operated in the southern Philippines but in recent years they have been bolstered by declaring allegiance to Islamic State.

has already been helping the Philippines by flying surveillance missions that gather intelligence around Marawi but also patrol the critical seaways that militants use to supply fighters in the southern Philippines from neighbouring Indonesia and Malaysia.

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SIGNED AND SEALED: Newcastle band Introvert joined heavy independent label UNFD after impressing during their support shows for Balance and Composure and Hellions.INTROVERT guitarist Mitch Raschke says the Newcastle band is gearing up to take their sound to the “next level” after signing with independent label UNFD.
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The alternative four-piece have enjoyed a massive 2017 supporting Balance andComposure, Hellions, Basement and AFI and their live performances and last year’s EP Old Taste eventually caught industry attention.

Following their support slots for Balance andComposure and Hellions last autumn UNFD contactedRaschke and his bandmatesAudie Franks (vocals, guitar),Max Priest (bass) andStephen Hopkins (drums).

UNFD specialise in heavy and alternative rock and boast Northlane, In Hearts Wake and Tonight Alive on their roster.

Following a meeting at Brisbane’s BigSound festival in September UNFD signed Introvert.

“It will give us the freedom to put every ounce into our music and try and pump out a product that actually reflects Introvert,” Raschke said.

“We feel we’ve had a taste. I wouldn’t say we were rushed, but our EP was a bit hurried along and there wasn’t much development.

Introvert – Is It Too Late“We feel we could have taken that EP to the next level, so we hope to do an EP with UNFD.Having the luxury of time and all the resources from those guys, I think, is really going to pay off and take our sound to the next level.”

Last week Introvert released a new standalone singleDecemberthrough UNFD, which they will support in November with their first national headline tour.

Raschke said the band are concentrating on experimenting with new material for a possible debut album in 2018. Introvert’s December single tour passes through the Cambridge Hotel on November 24.

THUNDA PARTYWHEN Alison Wonderland closes outThis That Festival at 10pm on November 4the party won’t be heading off to bed.

The Cambridge Hotel have secured hip-hop posse The Thundamentals for the official This That Festival after party. From midnight Tuka and Jeswonwill be spinning a DJ set.

Earlier in the evening you can catch The Thundamentals in full flight at Wickham Park, alongside The Presets, Tash Sultana, The Preatures, Winston Surfshirtand many more.

Meanwhile, Newcastle electronic-pop duo Luunes have the biggest opportunity of their formative career, after they won the Triple J Unearthed competition to perform at This That. The duo ofSam Litchfield and Anna Milat have released the tracks Torrents and Glass, but have never performed the material live.

MORE BLUESTHE line-up for the 2018 Bluesfest was fleshed out more this week by a massive second round of artists.

CONTRACT INKED: Human hit-maker Rag N’ Bone Man will make his Bluesfest debut next Easter.

Bluesfest favourites Michael Franti & Spearhead, Jackson Browne and Jimmy Cliff are returning next Easter, but the Byron Bay festivalwill also welcome pop superstar Seal, new RnB star Rag N’ Bone Manand African legendYoussou N’Dour for the first time.

Red-hot country artist Jason Isbell &the 400 Unit will also return after an amazing 2016 where they won two Grammys for best roots song and Americana album.

Other acts announced include UK legends Gomez, The Wailers, Canned Heat and emerging n soulact The Teskey Brothers.

The Bluesfest 2018 line-up already includesRobert Plant, Lionel Ritchie, John Butler Trio and Tash Sultana.

PAPER THRASHNEWCASTLE emo-punk bandPaper Thin will perform at Thrashville on January 20.

Thefour-piece join the headliners Frenzal Rhomb and Melbourne’s Batpiss on the line-up for Dashville’s “slightly heavier” festival.

TAPES RETURNNEWCASTLE dance-punk sweethearts Raave Tapes have been spreading their party vibes across the country in recent weeks, even making their debut in the golden west at Perth’s Jack Rabbit Slims.

However, the three-piece know where their bread’s buttered. Raave Tapes will return to the Cambridge Hotel on November 11 for a homecoming show. The support acts include Fritz, Jacob, Clypso and King Single.

SOLO HART ATTACKSYDNEY folk-rockers Boy & Bear haveenjoyed the adoration of sold-out crowds at Wests NEX in recent years due to their well-crafted pop tunes and slick harmonies.

DIFFERENT BEAT: Boy & Bear’s Tim Hart will play Lizotte’s in February to promote his second solo album.

Boy & Bear are on a brief hiatus, givingdrummer Tim Hart the opportunity to shine in his own right. Hart will release his second solo record The Narrow Corner on February 2 and he’s hitting the road to take centre stage.

Newcastle will be one of first places to hear tracks from The Narrow Corner when Hart performs at Lizotte’s on February 10.

BREAK THE MOULDIT’S going to be squashy on the Lass O’Gowrie’s Hotel small stage, but seven-piece The Mouldy Lovers carry quite the live reputation. The Brisbane band will play the Lass on November 4 during their Boondock single tour. The Mouldy Lovers melda variety of genres, including punk, ska andgypsy.

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We live in an era where n women are simultaneously being encouraged to have children to address the needs of an ageing population and to return to work sooner and move up the corporate ladder.
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Let’s remove huge barriers standing in their way.

If ‘s childcare system was more affordable and accessible and the tax system stopped penalising women who return to work, more women would work.

They also may have children sooner. In nations where women have more support to work, such Scandinavian countries, fertility rates are significantly higher.

But ‘s tax system isn’t built for the 21st century. It is built on the old assumption that home and work are independent of each other.

When women take on greater roles in the paid economy, they don’t simply abandon their families and managing their households.

A woman’s ability to participate in the workforce is usually wholly dependent on her ability to acquire childcare (the same applies for a man if he’s the primary carer, but women typically take on the primary caring role).

n women experience high effective marginal tax rates when moving from three or four days a week to full-time work due to the loss of family and child benefits.

While childcare salary sacrifice options for higher income earners in the public service and some large corporations are available, it’s not widespread.

Our tax system allows us to claim against our income tax the cost of laptops and office equipment as “work-related expenses” but not childcare.

So, when push comes to shove, many women are forced to reduce working hours to look after their kids.

The longer that women stay out of the workforce, the harder it is for them to go back in. And even if they do so, it’s often on lower wages.

This in turn has other negative economic consequences – women retire with less superannuation and become more reliant on the age pension and other welfare support.

A recent Grattan Institute report noted that if n women did as much paid work as women in Canada, where there’s subsidised childcare – implying an extra 6 per cent of women in the workforce – ‘s GDP would be about $25 billion higher.

But suggestions to try and get women back into work – the most common and controversial being tax deductible childcare or other employer-driven tax incentives for childcare – get struck down.

It is politically hard to sell the case of giving tax incentives to women on higher incomes. A 2015 Productivity Commission review found making childcare tax deductible would not benefit women on low incomes, but higher income earners paying higher marginal rates of tax.

And so the PC not only recommend the government abandon any move towards tax deductible childcare, but it also went further and suggested limits on employers and not-for-profits from getting fringe benefits tax (FBT) exemptions if they provide staff childcare.

But there are already limits. Currently, employer-provided childcare is exempt from the FBT, provided it occurs at a childcare centre on the employer’s “business premises”.

This has meant that only the nation’s biggest employers – the banks, universities and governments – which can afford to build or lease childcare centres, have been able to provide on-site childcare.

In 2006 a parliamentary committee, chaired by Liberal MP Bronwyn Bishop, held a Balancing Work and Family Inquiry, which took a different view to the PC.

It suggested that the FBT be removed from all childcare, so that all or any childcare provision made by employers to assist employees – in-home nannies and au pairs, family day care, occasional care, vacation care, or outside school hours care – is exempt. It also supported tax deductible childcare, with several caveats.

First, a tax deduction could only be claimed for the days of work on which the taxpayer can demonstrate the care was necessary in order for them to work.

Second, a tax deduction between parents in a couple family shall be apportioned between them in proportion to income earned by each.

Third, any unused portion of the tax deduction shall not be transferable between spouses.

The most important caveat: where a taxpayer elects to claim a tax deduction for child care expenses, the child care benefit and the child care tax rebate shall not be payable.

And where a taxpayer elects to claim the child care benefit and child care tax rebate, a tax deduction shall not be available.

This leaves the choice up to women and ensures women on low incomes, who cannot deduct against a high-income and get a tax benefit, still get support.

It is time revisits the issue of tax deductible childcare, even if it does so with income caps (there would likely be general public acceptance to limit those on very high-incomes).

The government also needs to simultaneously consider the plight of low-income women, and their ability to access welfare and pay for childcare costs.

If after all these reforms, women choose not to work to take care of young children, that’s up to them. The point is, they need to have a real choice. Not choices that penalise them.

Follow Nassim Khadem on Facebook and Twitter.

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